The Enclosure Acts of the seventeenth century were responsible for the formation of the emancipation policy. The enclosures were laws that were implemented after the enclosure of the British West India Company’s Indian plantations. The Enclosure Acts prohibited the Native Americans from residing on their own lands. The aim was to drive the Native Americans into the American territory. In order to make life difficult for them, they had to be removed from their lands and sent to “four corners” across the United States Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana. During this process, there was a spike in the number of slaves being sold to the British. The Enclosure Acts defined that any “free person of color” who had been brought to the US before the Enforcement Act of 17soType could no longer be sold as a slave. The British were not allowed to buy any “Africans whatsoever”. The wording in this policy was extremely vague, but it made clear that anyone who had been brought to America before July 15th, inclusive of Native Americans, could no longer be slave. Thus, for the first time in history, the US introduced an official policy of slavery. Although it started off as a policy intended to be temporary, the Enclosure Acts has been instrumental in the shaping of the very concept of slavery itself. The Enclosure Acts of the US are crucial in understanding the role of the Emancipation Proclamation. The Proclamation was issued by the President towards the end of the year 1800, just before the end of the year 1819. It is important to understand the difference between the freeing of the slaves and the adoption of an Enclosure Policy. For the former, the freeing of the slaves was tantamount to the Emancipation Policy. The main thrust of the policy was to make all slaves in America permanently free by either leaving their own plantations or putting them into waiting zones, where they would be protected from further attacks. Slaves could remain in their own plantations, but were not allowed to pass through the lines of the entrapped slaves. However, if they decided to move to a waiting zone outside of their plantations, they would have to be compensated monetarily. This compensation was to be given in kind so that they would not desert their positions and leave the place. Failure to comply with this requirement led to the punishment of the slaves in terms of punishment, fines and imprisonment. In addition to this, the policy also set forth the principle of the ‘undue enrichment’ of blacks. In other words, it mandated that the number of slaves in America should increase in proportion to the number of white men who were already present in America. These measures were to remedy the situation of an already overpopulated and impoverished slave population. Although these measures of the Emancipation Proclamation were later revoked by the US government, they remain in effect to this day. Though there were major successes in reducing the slave population, it did not help the American economy in any way. One of the worst effects of Emancipation was the practice of slavery itself. Many former slaves had become highly profitable commodity farmers in areas where they had formerly worked in the southern states. During the time of the Emancipation Proclamation, they established themselves as the masters of the whole plantation and became even richer than before. During the time of the Civil War, those who remained in bondage were subjected to horrible conditions. They were made to work for long hours, without being permitted to go to the bathroom. The worst aspect of the Emancipation Policy was the clause of the Fugitive Act, which made all free men slaves immediately available to the Union forces. Slaves on the Union side fought for their freedom and were greatly appreciated by the troops. During the war, hundreds of thousands of black Americans lost their lives fighting for the Union troops. Although the Union was eventually successful in getting the slaves liberated, it was a painful experience for all African-Americans and caused much trauma in the hearts of many white Americans. After the Emancipation Proclamation, the Emancipation Order, gave legal rights to freed slaves. But this was just a temporary respite from slavery. It had no consequences on the ownership of African slaves. There were no restrictions on the number of slaves, a slave owner could keep. Slaves that ran away from their owners were often rounded up and sold into slavery again.Continue Reading
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on a train headed to free slaves in the unsettled months following the Civil War. The Proclamation declared that all persons held in the American slave trade, not including children of free parents, were to be liberated. It also set forth the long-term plan for freeing all former slaves who were now free under the terms set forth in the Emancipation Proclamation. A few weeks later, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by an assassin.
Many stories have been told about the birth of the Emancipation Proclamation. One of the most commonly told stories is that Lincoln had a dream that his wife and children would be freed by the Union troops when they left Washington, D.C. in August of 1863. This story may well be apocryphal, but it may also be a reflection of the egotistical nature of the American leaders at that time. Some historians claim that the Emancipation Proclamation was crafted to convince the Virginian citizens that with the Union troops come the bounty of white cotton, which was so critical to Virginia’s economy.
Another story says that Abraham Lincoln made this speech in a steam room on the Washington steam bridge. Whether this is true or not is difficult to say. The Union Army, under General Robert E. Lee, did not capture the steamship engine plant at West Point, New Virginia until the end of the war. There are no records to verify this.
There are many arguments over the exact date of the Emancipation Proclamation. The most commonly accepted version is that it was issued on the third day of January, 1863. But some Lincoln biographers say, the proclamation was actually issued on the fourth of that month. Whether the fourth of Jan. 1863 or the third of Jan., 1863 is the correct version of events here.
The fourth of Jan., 1863, was the final proclamation issued by General Robert E. Lee to free all persons from slavery in the territories. The previous two edicts had been issued in January and June. Whig politics and the race for political power between the pro-slavery Democrats and the pro-secession Republicans had greatly intensified the antislavery agitation. A large number of Virginians were convinced that they had a right to free themselves from slavery, and the final proclamation was issued as a result of the passions of those times.
Of course, there were a number of other reasons the preliminary emancipation proclamation was issued. Many Virginians in both the legislature and the population were deeply opposed to slavery. They feared that the federal government would soon exercise its authority over slave insurrections, and they also feared the loss of territory to the Yankee military forces in the Civil War. All these things combined to make the preliminary period of liberty of the blacks an extremely dangerous period in American history.
One of the most important debates that took place at this time concerned the power of the secretary of state. James K. Polk, who was a Virginian, felt that the preliminary proclamation was purely a matter of law, and it was not the role of the secretary of state to interfere with the people’s freedom of action in any way. But Seward, who was the Speaker of the House of Representatives, insisted that the secretary of state had the power to restrain the people if they should refuse to return to slavery. This issue became especially critical after Seward moved to annex Texas.
The fourteenth and fifteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States, providing for the gradual emancipation of slaves, were passed during the first months of the new republic. When Seward refused to enforce the policy, the members of Congress, under the direction of President Abraham Lincoln, took the step necessary to prevent Seward from exercising his executive power. After a floor debate in the house on the fifth day of January, the resolution was passed by a vote of 401 to 52.Continue Reading
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Lincoln on August 8th, 1863. It is important to remember that the Emancipation Proclamation did not free the slaves from slavery. It ended all slavery throughout the United States. So what does that mean for the future of freedom? The main issue is that the Emancipation Proclamation was not written as a direct grant to freed slaves but as a blessing to those that had suffered and struggled for their rights.
A common myth is that the Emancipation Proclamation was written during the time of Abraham Lincoln’s first term as President of the United States. The falsehood of this is that the Proclamation was not written during the first term of Lincoln’s presidency. It actually came after his second term, when the Articles of Causes drafted by the Confederate States of America was published. Because of the bitterness felt by the American people over the Civil War, Lincoln was looking for a way to end the war quickly and with a minimum of casualties.
One myth surrounding the Emancipation Proclamation is that it was issued during the time of the so-called “ephemeral” presidential term. The Proclamation was actually issued on September 16th, eighteen hundred and sixty-one. Two days later, on September twenty-third, President Lincoln signed the emancipation policy into law. It was not called an ephemeral policy but rather a legal formal declaration.
Another common myth surrounding the Emancipation Proclamation is that it was issued in order to end the slave trade. This is also untrue. The Proclamation issued on September sixteen made it legally illegal for any American citizen to be held as a slave by an employer. It stated clearly that slaves who had been put to work in any of the American states before the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation would be free. Slaves who had worked on a tobacco plantation were not considered free on that plantation until after the Proclamation had gone into effect. Therefore, the Proclamation really did nothing to end the slave trade in the United States.
The main concern about the Emancipation Proclamation was its definition of the word “slavery”. It used the word “slavery” to describe what occurred between the slaves and their owners. The British Anti-Slavery Society and the Anti-Slavery Society of the United States viewed the Emancipation Proclamation as an improper and in violation of the United States Constitution. They were concerned that the proscription of slavery would allow slave trade between the British and the other countries. This would have had a significant negative impact on the British economy.
The British government, headed by Queen Victoria, considered the Emancipation Proclamation to be a direct violation of their own Declaration of Independence. The Bibles of 1776, which were written by John Milton, included a section that described the way in which the British had tried to get around the provisions of the Declaration of Independence through acts of terror. For this reason, many American citizens were afraid that the Emancipation Proclamation could be using to institute slavery once again. The British government, headed by King George III, brushed off any fears of this happening. They maintained that they had ended slavery permanently with the abolishment of slavery through the Dredictions Act of 17 abolishing slavery in England.
One common myth about the Emancipation Proclamation is that it was secretly implemented by the Union forces, in an effort to make the war with the US even more bitter. Actually, there were no underground railroad and no such plans were ever put into place. The myth stems from the fact that many Americans believed that the Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves who had been forced into bondage by the proclamations of the British authorities. The Union forces, on the other hand, had made contact with the prisoners of the British Army camps during the course of the war, and those prisoners were also not freed by the Emancipation Proclamation. Moreover, General Winfield Scott, the commander of the American forces in the overseas territory, and the American soldiers, had met separately with the representatives of the Crown and told them about the freeing proclamations.
On 4 September, after the preliminary proclamation of the Emancipation Proclamation had been published, a ceremony was held to celebrate the start of the twelve-year freedom for all American slaves. This was on Fort Donelson in New Orleans. Some of the American slaves who were liberated on that day were given thirteen hundred dollars as a bonus. Several representatives of the African American communities in the US attended the ceremony. These people included representatives of St. Louis, Kansas City, Atlanta, and Cleveland.Continue Reading